Husband dies of heart attack after 111 staff fail to spot emergency meaning ambulance took three hours to come
A former Harrods dressmaker has told how her husband died after NHS 111 call centre workers failed to recognise the urgency of his condition.
Barbara Foster called the controversial helpline last Wednesday evening after Reg, her husband of 33 years, developed severe abdominal pains.
But staff who took the call wrongly categorised his case as ‘not life-threatening’ and the ambulance took more than three hours to arrive.
Mr Foster, 64, was eventually taken to the London Chest hospital where he later died from a cardiac arrest.
He had been suffering from a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, a tear to one of the major blood vessels which causes internal bleeding.
Although the condition has a high mortality rate, survival chances are far better the sooner a patient is given surgery to repair the tear.
If Mrs Foster, 73, had spoken to a doctor or nurse rather than a call centre worker, they may have realised the urgency of his illness, especially given his medical history.
He suffered from high blood pressure – which would have put him at higher risk from an aneurism – and had undergone bypass surgery following a major heart attack in 2002.
With hindsight, Mrs Foster, from Hornchurch, Essex, regrets not calling 999 straight away. She says she called 111 shortly before 8pm but an ambulance did not arrive until after 11pm.
She said: ‘I kept walking down the drive to see if anything was coming. Reg said, “don’t bother them Babs, there’s probably people more urgent than me”.’
After waiting almost an hour she dialled 999. ‘They said, “You’re on the list and an ambulance will get to you as soon as we’ve got one free”,’ Mrs Foster said. This is because the case had been classed as ‘non-life-threatening’ by 111 staff.
‘They told me they had got a lot of urgent cases. That’s when I said I said I think he is an emergency. He was rolling backwards and forwards in severe pain. ‘I just knew he was going to die.’
Mrs Foster’s ordeal will prompt concerns that members of the public have been left confused as to whether to dial 999 or NHS 111.
At one point, Mrs Foster, a grandmother of two, said she was told off by the woman NHS 111 call centre worker for ‘not listening’.
She said: ‘I needed her to speak up a bit as she was so quiet. She said, “You’re not listening to me.” I thought she was quite rude.’
Neither the area’s NHS organisation Havering Clinical Commissioning group, nor the firm running 111 there were available for comment.
There are concerns 111, which has replaced NHS Direct and local out-of-hours GP numbers, is putting lives at risk. A survey of 748 GPs and hospital doctors by Doctors.net found 70 per cent want it scrapped completely, while another 16 per cent say it should be withdrawn until problems are fixed.
Jane Cummings, chief nursing officer from NHS England, said: ‘The vast majority of patients who use NHS 111 are getting a good service, although it is clear that some are not and this is unacceptable.’
Two in three new mums feel ‘let down’ by the NHS: Shortage of midwives means some women get more postnatal visits than others
Almost two-thirds of new mothers feel let down by the NHS after giving birth, according to a report.
In some places women get three postnatal visits at home, while in neighbouring areas new mothers will see a midwife just once.
The report from the National Federation of Women’s Institutes and National Childbirth Trust said the vast majority of maternity units are having to cope with shortages of midwives.
A separate report revealed wide variations across England in rates of surgical births, induction of labour and deliveries using instruments such as forceps.
In some areas almost four in ten women are given drugs to start labour, according to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
The NFWI/NCT report found a staggering 60 per cent of women wanted more support with postnatal care immediately after giving birth.
The research examined the experiences of 5,500 women who have given birth in the past five years.
Figures in the report show four out of five hospital trusts did not meet recommended staffing levels in 2011, with most saying they had no plans to increase staff.
Ruth Bond, chairman of the NFWI, said it revealed a postcode lottery with ‘patchy and staggeringly inconsistent levels of care’.
‘Evidence shows that providing the right care and support in the transition to parenthood can have a long term impact on the health and wellbeing of women and their families, yet women are being routinely failed, often this seems to be because of staff shortages,’ she added.
Health Minister Dr Dan Poulter said: ‘There are now over 1,300 more midwives in the NHS since 2010, and there are a record 5,000 in training.
‘We are also increasing the number of health visitors and family nurses.’
Belinda Phipps, chief executive of the National Childbirth Trust, said ‘We are extremely concerned about the shockingly high number of women who have been let down by their maternity care.
‘It is equally worrying to see that the level of care given to parents varies so significantly by postcode.’
Cathy Warwick, chief executive of the Royal College of Midwives, said ‘We are 5000 midwives short in England. Without enough midwives to cope with the increasing demands on maternity services I fear that we will not see the situation depicted in this report improving.
‘Postnatal care has been an area of concern for some time. This is a vitally important period for women who need support, guidance and advice when they return home after giving birth. Too often resources are taken away from this key area leading to fewer visits by midwives and less contact with them for women.’
British teachers should ‘ignore Shakespeare’s boring scenes’
Schools should stop teaching entire plays by Shakespeare to prevent children being forced to “grit their teeth” through the likes of Macbeth and Romeo and Juliet, a teachers’ leader has warned.
A “film trailer”-style approach to the Bard should be adopted to give pupils a brief taste of his most dramatic scenes while ignoring other parts, it was claimed.
Mary Bousted, general secretary of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers, said Shakespeare was “given far too much respect” in schools.
She said too many English teachers wanted to “pass on their reverence” for the playwright by requiring pupils to study his most famous works from beginning to end.
But Dr Bousted insisted that the process often backfired by turning pupils off in large numbers, adding: “Is it any wonder that so many students grit their teeth, learn the lines and, when the exam is over, remember Shakespeare only as something that had to be endured in pursuit of an exam pass?”
Writing in the Times Educational Supplement, she urged schools not to “start at the beginning”, particularly when introducing pupils to Shakespeare for the first time.
But the comments angered traditionalists who said the approach represented an attempt to promote “ignorance” and “dumbing down”.
It comes amid a series of Government-backed plans designed to promote more Shakespeare in state schools.
Earlier this year, it emerged that teenagers would be required to study two of the Bard’s plays under a shake-up of GCSEs in England – one more than in existing course specifications set out by Labour.
The change was made following concerns that previous pupils were focusing on small “extracts” of Shakespearian plays to pass exams.
Ministers are also supporting the launch of a dedicated “Shakespeare Week” to mark the 450th anniversary of Shakespeare’s birth – giving children as young as five access to lessons about the Bard.
Dr Bousted, a former English teacher, who now heads the 160,000-strong ATL, said Shakespeare provided “compelling drama”.
But she said teachers needed to adopt an imaginative approach to his plays to make them more relevant to modern schoolchildren.
“Don’t start at the beginning,” she said. “Taking inspiration from film trailers, give novice Shakespeare readers a taste of the most highly dramatic scenes in the play.”
She said pupils could proceed onto reading the entire play after being introduced to the most exciting acts, citing Macbeth and Romeo and Juliet as examples of plays that start too slowly.
Dr Bousted insisted Macbeth should start in Act 2 after the murder of King Duncan, while Romeo and Juliet should begin just before Tybalt’s death early in Act 3.
But Chris McGovern, a former head teacher and chairman of the Campaign for Real Education, accused Dr Boysted of “promoting ignorance”.
“The whole point of studying drama and Shakespeare included is that you understand the whole play, not just parts of it,” he said.
“It’s the computer games mentality that you only have what are seen to be action and excitement but Shakespeare and most dramatists are about far more than that. They’re about character and plot development and poetry.
“Quite frankly, if a prominent person like that is saying such things one has a fear for the cultural heritage and for the vigour of the education our children are going to be receiving.”
Fancy some baobab for breakfast? Demand for African ‘superfruit’ soars
The latest “miracle” fruit. No proof of health benefits, of course, just theory
Have you ever heard of the baobab fruit? If you haven’t you probably will soon. Demand for a new African ‘superfruit’ which boosts energy levels and skin health has soared to record highs in the UK.
New figures show sales of the baobab fruit, which contains three times as much vitamin C as an orange, has increased by 1,600 per cent. Brits have rushed to buy the nutrient-dense superfood, which has incredibly high levels of antioxidants and tastes like a blend of pineapple and melon.
Baobab is an excellent source of calcium, potassium, thiamin and vitamin B6 – all vital nutrients known to benefit general health.
Sourced from the African continent, baobab’s calcium source is a non-dairy one, making it an option for vegetarians too.
the baobab range is available at beauty emporium and pharmacy John Bell & Croyden and a number of organics stores.
Since launching in October last year, sales figures are 60 per cent better than its closest market rival.
Dr Lisa Ryan, of Oxford Brookes University, said: “Baobab is a rich source of potassium which plays a role in lowering blood pressure. ‘It also contains calcium which is vital for bone health, has a high soluble fibre content which is important for digestive health. ‘It is also rich in polyphenols which have potential health benefits against diseases like atherosclerosis, some types of cancer and type 2 diabetes.’
Dietician Sian Porter said: ‘Baobab is an excellent example of a nutrient-dense, low energy food – a real super food.’
The superfruit has attracted interest from celebrities such as designer Vivienne Westwood and fashion reporter Suzy Menkes.
Baobab grows in thirty two countries across Africa and has been brought to the mainstream by new Africa-inspired health and beauty brand Aduna.
For centuries people in Africa have turned to the baobab tree as a source of natural wellbeing, benefiting skin, hair and general health.
As a fruit, baobab is unique in that it dries naturally on the branch before it is harvested, the seeds are removed and then sieved into a powder.
Available as a loose powder, it is ideal for adding to smoothies and juices, or using as an alternative to sugar for sweetening yogurt, muesli or cereal.
Josie Elles, of John Bell & Croyden, said: “Since launching with us late last year Aduna baobab has become our best-selling supplement this year. ‘It has come from out of nowhere to become and both the brand and the product are ones to watch
The Soviet-style Royal Society
Their support for global warming is widely quoted. Interesting to see how they arrive at their conclusions
Last week, the Royal Society announced the list of new appointments to the fellowship for 2013. For climate geeks the only familiar name that of Imperial’s Joanna Haigh, who specialises in the solar influence on climate and who, to the best of my knowledge, has not been associated with any kind of activism. I’ve spotted one other climate scientist, but not one I’ve come across before.
Unfortunately, the society seems to have got itself into a bit of a pickle over its decision to elevate Prince Andrew to the fellowship too.
Jonathan Leake, who broke the story in the Sunday Times (paywalled), noted that the election involved a ballot paper that only allowed existing fellows to vote in favour or to abstain. Apparently only 11% of the electorate voted in favour of the prince, with “a huge number” abstaining.
Leake has also got a choice quote from Lord May, who expresses his “dismay” at the vote and says that: “This is not the way to run an election. A ballot where you can only say yes is a bad idea and should be changed.”
This takes a certain amount of chutzpah from the noble lord, who chose to retain this “bad idea” of an electoral system when he was in charge of the Royal Society.
Such Soviet-style shenanigans were mentioned in my Nullius in Verba report in connection with the election of Lord Rees as president, with Rees’s the only name on the ballot paper. The electoral practices of the society have no doubt been central to its corruption by political activists.
Update: Christopher Booker notes the appearance of Joanna Haigh in his report on the BBC:
“Another BBC documentary about which the Climategate emails are very revealing was one called Meltdown: A Global Warming Journey (2006). When this was being shot, its producer Jonathan Renouf emailed Keith Briffa, one of Jones’s senior colleagues at the CRU, clearly expecting to be filming him the following day for what was intended to be a key sequence in the programme. He explained that his presenter Paul Rose, a scientist, was going to pose as someone dubious about the warming theory because he was troubled by talk of the Mediaeval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age. What Renouf wanted was a sequence in which Briffa would explain how climate history had been dramatically rewritten by Mann’s ‘hockey stick’ graph, all but eliminating the MWP and showing how in recent years, in a way which could only be due to man-made global warming, temperatures had soared to levels quite unprecedented in the past 1,000 years.Briffa’s job, the producer went on, would be to “prove” to Paul that what we’re experiencing now is NOT just another of those natural fluctuations we’ve seen in the past. The hockey stick curve is a crucial piece of evidence because it shows how abnormal the present period is – the present warming is unprecedented in speed and amplitude, something like that. This is a very big moment in the film when Paul is finally convinced of the reality of man made global warming.
In fact, for whatever reason, Briffa did not appear in the finished programme (which can still be seen on YouTube). Instead his part as the ‘talking head’ climate scientist was played by a young professor from Imperial College, Joanna Haigh. She went through precisely the routine Renouf had outlined to Briffa, enabling Rose to pose initially as something of a sceptic who, after hearing the argument, at last finds the evidence for man-made global warming wholly convincing. This is a formula with which we have become familiar in these pages; but rarely do we get such an insight into how calculatedly the BBC is prepared to stage such a charade, to put over the point the programme makers have wanted to make all along”
Scottish wind farms paid £1 million to SHUT DOWN down for one day
Wind farm companies operating in Scotland were paid more than £1 million to shut down their turbines for a single day last month, it has emerged.
A total of £1,146,614 was handed out to the operators of 13 Scottish wind farms, including almost £300,000 for a development built on land owned by the Duke of Roxburghe.
The money, which ultimately comes from electricity consumers’ bills, was given to wind farm companies to compensate them for not producing power during periods of high generation and low demand.
This can happen when it is too windy so as not to overload the National Grid. Anti-wind farm campaigners fear the payments will only increase thanks to Alex Salmond’s drive for a large expansion in the number of turbines north of the Border.
According to figures provided by the Renewable Energy Foundation (REF), a charity that publishes information on the energy sector, more than £1 million in such “constraint payments” were paid out on April 29.
The largest sum paid out on that date was £348,349, which was to shut off the Crystal Rig II wind farm operated by energy company Fred Olsen in East Lothian.
However, the second-largest beneficiary was the Fallago Rig Wind Farm run by EDF on land it rents from Roxburghe in the Lammermuir Hills. The French energy firm was handed more than £296,000 to shut down the turbines, which only started generating electricity at the end of January.
Murdo Fraser, a Conservative MSP and a prominent wind farm critic, said: “People struggling with rising electricity bills and growing levels of fuel poverty will be astonished to learn that millions are being paid to companies for power which isn’t even being used.
“This illustrates yet again the folly of the SNP government’s wind energy policy.”
Dr John Constable, the REF’s director, said: “Constraint payments to wind are well in excess of the lost subsidy income, suggesting that the industry is taking advantage of the difficulties that they cause on the network.
“While perfectly legal, this is clearly unfair, and the regulator Ofgem needs to step in to protect the consumer.”
According to the REF figures, enough wind-generated electricity to power 10,000 homes was “dumped” by the National Grid last month. A total of £3.6 million of constraint payments were made to wind farm companies in April, the highest monthly total since September 2011.
EDF charged between £89 to £149 for every megawatt hour (MWh) of energy that was not produced, compared to £50 per MWh the company would have received for selling it.
Although the Duke of Roxburghe will not benefit from the constraint payments, a recent book by Struan Stevenson, a Tory MEP, suggested the landowner could receive up to £1.5 million per year in rent.
A spokesman for EDF said the constraint payments reflected the costs and lost revenues from shutting down the turbines.
He added: “All generators are required to have commercial agreements in place with the National Grid. These agreements cover periods when the Grid instructs generators to temporarily decrease the power they generate.”
A spokesman for the National Grid said the payments spiked while maintenance was carried out. A spokesman for Roxburghe refused to comment on its “commercial agreement” with EDF.
“White flight” comes to Britain
White Britons are ‘retreating’ from areas dominated by ethnic minorities, a study has revealed. Analysis of census figures shows that white Britons are leaving areas where they are in a minority and are being replaced by immigrants and other ethnic minorities.
As a result, nearly half of ethnic minorities – 4 million people – live in communities where whites make up less than half the population, the study by the Demos think-tank found.
Demos said the survey showed a ‘spiral of white British demographic decline’ as white Britons choose to leave minority-dominated areas.
Trevor Phillips, the former chairman of the Equality and Human Rights Commission, said the findings should make us ‘a little anxious’, and were ‘not good news for the cause of integration’.
He said: ‘What ought to make us a little anxious is the “majority retreat” it has unearthed – white people leaving minority-led areas and not being replaced.’
In 2005, Mr Phillips warned Britain was ‘sleepwalking into segregation’ as the UK was dividing into ‘ghettos’ of particular races and religions.
Sir Andrew Green, chairman of the MigrationWatch think-tank, said: ‘This is extremely serious. It is undeniable evidence that we have indeed been sleepwalking into segregation as Trevor Phillips warned, and it is the clear result of Labour’s mass immigration policy.
‘Public dismay at the pace of change in our communities largely explains why so many voted as they did in last week’s local elections. The case for a sharp reduction in immigration is now overwhelming; we cannot possibly integrate new arrivals on anything like the present scale.’
Demos said the change was the result of ‘white retreat’, where departing white Britons are replaced by migrants and ‘the natural growth of the minority population’.
Its analysis of the 2011 Census showed 4.6million ethnic minorities – or 45 per cent of the total – live in areas where white Britons make up less than half the population.
More than 600,000 white British Londoners have left the capital in a decade, it was reported earlier this year. Census figures show that between 2001 and 2011 the level of ‘white flight’ reached 620,000. It is the equivalent of a city the size of Glasgow – made up entirely of white Britons – moving out of the capital.
The figures mean that for the first time, white Britons are in a minority in the country’s largest city.
At the same time, some rural areas have seen a rise in the proportion of people who describe their ethnicity as ‘white British’.
Some 3.7million Londoners classified themselves as white British in 2011 – down from 4.3million in 2001 – despite the city’s population increasing by nearly a million over the decade to 8.2million. It was reported in February that white Britons made up 45 per cent of the city’s population, compared with 58 per cent in 2001.
Behind white Britons, the largest ethnic group in London is Asians (18 per cent). Black Londoners make up 13 per cent.
Some 4.1million ethnic minorities live in council wards in which all whites – including foreign nationals – add up to less than half the total. That compares with only a million ethnic minorities – 25 per cent of the total – in the same situation at the time of the 2001 Census.
Such areas include Yardley in Birmingham and several council wards in East and South London, Demos said.
At the same time, it showed more ethnic minority families were moving into ‘white-dominated’ parts of the country.
There are now just 800 council wards out of 8,850 where the population is 98 per cent white. That compares with 5,000 in 2001.
Mr Phillips said: ‘This very interesting piece of research reveals a number of vital findings about how people in England and Wales are living together.
‘First, it shows a kind of “Ambridge effect” – a welcome minority advance into areas previously only the preserve of the white majority.
‘It also demonstrates a greater degree of ethnic mixing within cities, although unfortunately this appears to be mostly between minorities.’
The ‘Ambridge effect’ refers to the arrival of ethnic minority characters in recent years into plotlines on the Radio 4 soap The Archers.
David Goodhart, director of Demos, said the survey identified a growing population which is ‘geographically separate’ and has ‘limited familiarity with majority cultural codes’. He added: ‘The greater concentration of the ethnic minority population means there is less opportunity for interaction with the white mainstream.’
Eric Kaufmann, a professor at Birkbeck College who carried out the detailed analysis, said: ‘These results present a mixed picture. While ethnic mixing and integration is being helped by more minority people moving into England’s whitest areas, the most concentrated minority areas are just becoming more so.’
More secrecy in official Britain
Yes, in the end it was a small spat that was sorted out quickly. But the refusal by Warwickshire police to name one of its officers charged with stealing from the force was not just worrying on its own account: the decision highlights an alarming trend in British public life towards secrecy.
On Wednesday, the Midlands force put out a bland statement saying that ‘a 54-year-old man from the Stratford area has been charged with the theft of £113,000 from the former Warwickshire police head-quarters at Leek Wootton.
‘The man, a retired police officer, will appear before magistrates in Leamington on May 22.’ A footnote added: ‘Due to a change in policy, we no longer release the name of an individual on charge.’
As a hue and cry developed at this astonishing statement, the force’s deputy commissioner, Neil Brunton, took to Twitter to try to justify the decision.
The policy, he insisted, ‘was changed recently to align with national policy post-Leverson (sic) and not because of today’s outcome’.
It would be nice if he could spell the name of the Lord Justice who spent a year looking into the Press — and the police.
But leaving that aside, he was suggesting the Leveson report had given the police the right to hide behind a level of secrecy of which authoritarian states behind the Iron Curtain would have been proud.
Within a few hours, mercifully the Crown Prosecution Service had intervened. It named the man as Paul Andrew Greaves.
Meanwhile, a spokesman for the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) said no new national guidelines had been issued post-Leveson on policy towards naming suspects.
Next, the newly appointed deputy police and crime commissioner for Warwickshire, Eric Wood, gave his force a public roasting.
Expressing himself to be ‘very surprised’ and ‘extremely disappointed’ by the goings-on, Mr Wood said he’d had ‘a number of robust conversations’ with the police chief.
‘We are committed to ensuring Warwickshire Police operate in an open and transparent manner, and that lessons have been learned from the mistakes of the past 24 hours.’
The commissioner’s team responded quickly and efficiently, as did the CPS. They should be congratulated. Problem solved? Well yes, on this occasion. But the worrying culture underlying it has not.
Today, the Mail reports 14 police forces — nearly a third of forces in England and Wales — keep secret the names of people charged with criminal offences, releasing them only (if at all) just before those charged appear in court.
This flies in the face of ACPO guidelines that forces should name individuals on the day they face charges. It only increases suspicions that the police prefer to operate under their own rules and in secret.
The point is that a robust and healthy democracy needs guidelines that are consistent and needs to operate in a manner that is accountable and open.
The worst form of abuse of power is when the forces of law and order see their job as not just dispensing the law, but as making it and interpreting it in whatever way they see fit.
By deciding that individuals facing charges should not be named, the police appear to be doing just that.
In one sense, of course, Warwickshire police deputy commissioner Neil Bunton’s claim that things have changed post-Leveson is perfectly true.
When Lord Justice Leveson was asked by the Prime Minister to look into the standards and ethics of the Press, he divided his inquiry into three sections: journalists, politicians and the police.
At the same time, separate investigations were underway into the phone-hacking scandal that precipitated the crisis, and into corruption in the form of inappropriate payments to the police.
Any form of criminal activity, be it listening into someone’s phone, hacking into a computer, bribery, harassment, impersonation and the like, must face the full weight of the law. (Once in a blue moon, some of these activities might be justified, for example when they expose serious wrong-doing and are incontrovertibly in the public interest.)
The problem was that some members of the police were so in hock with some journalists, notably at the News of the World, that they turned a blind eye.
Clearly action needed to be taken. A report last year by Dame Elizabeth Filkin said that coppers should not be carousing down the pub late at night with journalists.
But Filkin went further, suggesting that all meetings between police and journalists should be made public, with records kept, and that whistleblowers unhappy with what was going on in their force should not tip off a reporter.
Some of her suggestions were incorporated by Lord Leveson into his report.
The problem with this is that some of the most important stories in the public interest, particularly about corruption within the police, always come through covert meetings with journalists or through whistleblowers and tip-offs.
Post-Leveson, the police have been on the defensive and seem to have interpreted the report as an excuse to become more secretive. This is a deeply worrying trend.
The irony is that they stop at nothing themselves to accumulate information about members of the public, including filming anyone who demonstrates and keeping a log on thousands of people who have not committed a crime.
Yet they hate it when members of the public film them or journalists try to find out what they’ve been up to.
As I stated in my two appearances before the Leveson Inquiry, one of the biggest problems in standards in modern British life is not that the public have been told too much about what’s going on; it is the reverse — the public has not been told enough.
Did we know too much about the bankers who helped to plunge this country into its worst economic crisis since the Thirties while trousering their eye-watering bonuses? Hardly. Did we find out about what was really going on ahead of Iraq? Do we know enough about who is corrupt in public life?
I am not suggesting we should be told what the police are up to every waking minute. It is vital to balance the public’s right to know, on the one hand, with a suspect’s presumption of innocence on the other.
This is of such grave importance it is for judges or Parliament — not individual police forces — to determine.
For example, if someone is taken in for questioning — whether for a minor shoplifting offence or sex abuse — should their name be released?
What happens if the police and the CPS decide not to press charges for lack of evidence? Or if it is a case of mistaken information or identity?
By releasing a suspect’s identity under those circumstances, their name could be blackened for good.
But it is surely different when a suspect is charged. The threshold set by the Crown Prosecution Service for charging someone, in terms of the prospect of conviction and the public interest, is high.
Of course, that still means many people who go to court will be found not guilty.
There might be a tiny minority of cases where, even when charges are made, a name should not be released. But I struggle to think of the justification.
What is certain is that, by naming someone charged with a crime, witnesses can be encouraged to come forward with more evidence.
This is apparently what happened in the case of It’s A Knockout presenter Stuart Hall, who has admitted to indecently assaulting 13 girls, one of whom was nine.
His lawyers cited Lord Justice Leveson’s report in their attempt to keep his name hidden.
But after it became public when he was arrested in December last year in relation to three offences, more witnesses came forward and many more offences were uncovered.
The idea that a police force can unilaterally decide not to reveal a name, as Warwickshire police did, particularly when it involves one of their own, is quite simply an affront not only to justice but to democracy itself.