Heart attack mother who lives two doors from ambulance station had to ask friend to drive her to hospital after waiting 45 minutes for paramedics
Sounds like the ambulancemen were busy with their morning tea
A mother suffering a heart attack was kept waiting for 45 minutes by paramedics even though she lives just two doors away from an ambulance station.
Health chiefs were today investigating after Louise Lewis, 36, called 999 when she was struck down with stabbing chest pains. An operator told the mother-of-two, from Llanelli, South Wales, that an ambulance was on its way but couldn’t say how long it would take.
Ms Lewis looked out of her window to see two ambulances parked up in the depot in the same street. But she was too weak to walk the 100 yards to knock on the ambulance crews’ doors for help.
Desperate, Ms Lewis phoned again after 45 minutes and was told to keep waiting. She then asked a friend to drive her to hospital where doctors found she had suffered a massive heart attack.
Ms Lewis said: ‘I feel like I’m lucky to be alive, I could have died waiting for an ambulance to arrive. ‘It’s ridiculous – I was looking out of my window and I could see two ambulances parked up at the station in my street. ‘I was in a lot of pain and the operator could not tell us where the ambulance was coming from or when it would arrive.
‘I felt really let down – if there had been a problem getting an ambulance out to me then they should have told us during the first phone call and not kept us waiting.’
Ms Lewis underwent stem cell heart surgery at Morriston Hospital in Swansea, South Wales, to clear her blocked arteries. She is now recovering at home.
A Wales Ambulance Service spokesman said: ‘We are unable to comment on individual cases but the trust is investigating this incident internally.’
God save us from the crazy religious privileges in British jails that cost the taxpayer millions
As the sun rises tomorrow, 400 inmates in British prisons will be celebrating a day off — some of them with a sip of wine and a ceremony involving Tarot cards and rune stones.
For December 22 is the winter solstice, one of eight pagan festivals that prisons must now recognise. Pagan prisoners are allowed to choose two out of eight festivals on which to take a day off from the work they would normally do in jail, which might be cooking, cleaning and so on.
If this sounds pretty outrageous, the fact is that prisons are expected to provide a means of worship for dozens of religions, many of them obscure.
Kitchens are expected to cater for the dietary practices of particular faiths, and prison officers are expected to observe hundreds of sacred festivals, excusing prisoners from work duties — as they will do with the pagans today.
You may not be surprised to discover that all this madness is a result of the Human Rights Act, which guarantees ‘the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion’.
The great irony, of course, is that law-abiding citizens who are not in prison seem to be offered scant protection from this law when it comes to respecting their own rights. For example, there was the case of a Christian couple who were successfully sued after refusing to allow a gay couple to share a bed at their B&B establishment, or the case of another Christian couple, from Derby, who were forbidden from fostering children because they refused to drop their belief that homosexual acts are wrong.
Yet inside jail, the right of inmates to freely practise their faith has been taken to extraordinary lengths.
Recently, Broadmoor Hospital — which houses some of Britain’s most notorious criminals, including Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffe — was reported to be recruiting wicca (white witchcraft) and Rastafarian representatives to join its chaplaincy team following an official audit of patients’ religious needs.
Broadmoor, like all the nation’s jails, doesn’t have any choice since the right to have access to religious representatives is laid out in a 154-page Prison Service manual, which states: ‘Chaplains and ministers of recognised religions must be available to prisoners.
‘When a minister of a particular faith is not available to a prison, advice must be sought from the Prison Service Chaplaincy, the Religion Section of the Prisoner Administration Group, or from the Religious Consultative Service for the particular faith.’
In other words, if you are one of the 412 pagans behind bars, or one of the 81 Seventh Day Adventists or 58 Christian Scientists (not to mention those wiccans and Rastafarians), you can demand that the Prison Service provide you with a religious instructor — at public expense.
Just how much it costs taxpayers to provide chaplaincy services for the dozens of different religions is something that the Ministry of Justice seems rather reluctant to disclose.
In 2006, it refused to answer a parliamentary question from an MP who wanted to know the cost. In reply, it said: ‘The total cost of providing prison chaplaincy services is not available and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.’
Two years ago, following a Freedom of Information request, the ministry disclosed that directly employed chaplains cost the service £10.3 million a year. That, however, does not include any representatives from minority religions brought in to satisfy the spiritual demands of individual prisoners. They are paid on a freelance basis.
Besides providing chaplains at public expense, prison officers are expected to go to huge lengths to observe prisoners’ religious sensibilities. That’s why they must grant prisoners a day off from prison work on religious festivals — including tomorrow’s solstice.
They must also respect all periods of fasting and the desire to conduct other ceremonies necessary to fulfill inmates’ spiritual needs.
But it may not even be enough for prison officers just to learn the dates of official festivals.
In May, a Muslim prisoner called Imran Bashir won a High Court case against Rye Hill Prison, in Warwickshire, after he was punished for failing to co-operate with officers demanding he give a urine sample for drug-testing. The court ruled that Bashir’s human rights had been infringed by being expected to give a urine sample while he was fasting.
Yet it wasn’t Ramadan or any other Islamic festival at the time he was asked for the sample. Apparently, Bashir had decided to embark on a three-day personal fast.
This case makes one wonder how on earth prison officers are expected to enforce a drugs ban in jail when, the moment a prisoner suspects he might be tested, he could decide to go on a fast for as long as any possible drug he has taken has time to pass through his body. The truth is satisfying prisoners’ demands is almost as hard as running a five-star hotel of fussy guests.
Muslim prisoners must be allowed to shower before Friday prayers. Sikh chaplains are allowed to enter jail and meet convicted murderers while carrying a kirplan, a ceremonial sword up to six inches in length — though prisoners and other staff have to make do with a small representation of the kirplan inset in a comb.
Vegan prisoners, meanwhile, must not be exposed to any toiletry ‘containing any animal-derived ingredients’ or those tested on animals.
The prison manual goes on to state that ‘vegans usually choose not to engage in any sport, hobby or trade that directly or indirectly causes stress, distress, suffering or death to any creature’.
It is just a shame that anyone responsible for offences of violence didn’t keep to these rules before they ended up in prison.
Meanwhile, under the Prison Service guidelines, Hindus must be allowed to keep prayer beads, a small statue of Krishna or other gods, incense and a bell; Muslims must be allowed musk (non- alcohol perfume in small plastic bottle), an alarm clock and mat for prayer and, if they are Shia, a piece of clay to use as a head-rest.
Pagans must be allowed ‘incense, jewellery, a hoodless robe, a flexible twig or wand, rune stones, a private altar in their cells and Tarot cards’ — the latter on condition they do not use them for telling fortunes.
Inevitably, the Prison Service guidelines have generated some spurious court cases.
Some weeks ago, convicted murderer James Dowsett was allowed to make a publicly funded legal challenge against Highpoint Prison, Suffolk, claiming religious and sexual discrimination after being ‘forced’ to be searched by female prison officers.
He argued that though he was an atheist, the fact Muslim prisoners had the right not to be searched by a female member of staff meant that he, too, should have the same rights. He claimed that the searches made him feel ‘embarrassed and uncomfortable’, and that his human rights had been breached.
The Ministry of Justice’s barrister pointed out that there was a serious question to the credibility of the killer’s evidence given it had taken 18 years for him to raise the matter.
Perhaps we shouldn’t be surprised to learn that Dowsett won the first stage of his legal campaign and will be granted a full hearing.
It is Britain’s all-pervasive culture of political correctness that allows this lunacy, and means that prisons are in danger of becoming ungovernable. In this crazy world, convicted criminals are given ‘human rights’ which, by dint of the crimes that sent them to prison in the first place, they have almost certainly denied to their victims.
Toddler beaten to death by violent stepfather a month after police and social services hand him BACK to abusive parents
Typical of British social workers. They only take children away from harmless middle class familiies, often on mere speculation
A toddler was beaten to death a month after he returned home to the parents whose abuse led to him being in hospital. Two-year-old Joshua Jones, from Runcorn, Cheshire, died on November 6, 2007. His mother’s boyfriend, Wayne Davenport, was jailed for six years in 2009 after he was convicted of manslaughter.
Davenport’s trial heard that he spent months punishing the toddler and unleashing a horrific catalogue of abuse on the boy.
Joshua’s mother, Nichola Bowman, was convicted of causing or allowing her son’s death and was given a suspended sentence.
Following a five-day inquest at Warrington Town Hall, the coroner for Cheshire, Nicholas Rheinberg, today recorded a verdict of unlawful killing.
He said Joshua’s death ‘probably would have been avoided’ if Warrington and District General Hospital, Cheshire Police and Halton Borough Council had preventerd him from returning to an ‘unsafe environment’. He said: ‘Joshua’s death probably would have been avoided if the three agencies concerned with his safety had taken steps which did not involve returning him to an unsafe environment.’
The inquest heard that Joshua was taken to Warrington General Hospital on October 26 2007 by his mother and grandmother, Michelle Littlemore, with a broken arm and a ‘constellation of other injuries’, including bruises to his back and penis. But, despite the injuries ‘ringing alarm bells’ with numerous doctors, social workers and police officers, after six nights in hospital Joshua was allowed back into his mother’s care.
Bowman, who had come up with three different stories to explain Joshua’s injuries, lied to social workers about her new boyfriend Davenport – saying that he was not living with them, the inquest was told. The inquest heard that both Dr Rachel Webb, consultant paediatrician at Warrington Hospital, and social worker Vikki Irons took the mother at her word and full checks on Davenport were not carried out.
Mr Rheinberg was critical of the quality of information that was brought to the two ‘strategy meetings’ held by the three agencies regarding Joshua’s safety. He said a ‘proper investigation’ would have informed the meetings that Joshua’s injuries were ‘non-accidental’ and that alternative care arrangements ‘were necessary in the interests of Joshua’s safety’.
The coroner said he accepted that lessons had been learned, particularly at Cheshire Police, but said he would be writing to Halton Borough Council and the director of nursing at Warrington Hospital regarding specific issues. [Big deal!]
After the inquest, Audrey Williamson, independent chairwoman of Halton Safeguarding Children Board, said: ‘We are going to study very carefully what the coroner has said. ‘At the time we did an in-depth review and looked in detail at the individual agencies and what agencies did collectively in their work with Joshua. ‘We learned some lessons and the coroner has heard that.
‘If there is more to learn I would like to assure you that we will take those lessons on board, we will implement them and make sure they will continue to be implemented.’
Bowman did not attend today’s hearing but her mother, Michelle Littlemore, said after the inquest that her daughter had ‘taken responsibility’ for what happened ‘on her own shoulders’ and said she hoped the agencies involved would do the same. She said it was ‘good’ that the ‘errors’ that were made in relation to Joshua’s care were uncovered but said ‘they shouldn’t have happened at all’. ‘If the agencies had done their jobs correctly and acted accordingly I think Joshua would still be here.
‘Changes have been made but there has been no official apology to Joshua and his family for the way the agencies have let him down.’
Miss Littlemore also said that she as a grandmother ‘should have noticed’ what was happening.
Mr Rheinberg highlighted a number of specific failings in relation to the joint safeguarding inquiry carried out by the three agencies after Joshua was brought to hospital on October 26.
These included expert evidence not being sought, the agencies ‘did not sufficiently communicate’ with each other and with members of their own organisations and ‘Critical information’ within the medical notes was not checked, analysed or disseminated.
Other failings included photographs of Joshua’s injuries not being taken to strategy meetings, police officers did not log or communicate information important to the investigation and social workers did not log information of significance reported by family members.
Last week the inquest heard that both Dr Rachel Webb and social worker Vikki Irons took the mother at her word and full checks on Davenport were not carried out.
Under cross-examination from Leslie Thomas, counsel for the inquest, Miss Irons said they should have carried out further checks. Mr Thomas said: ‘There was a record against Wayne Davenport in respect of a previous assault. ‘This is on the system. It is even more important to check him, isn’t it? He is the new partner?’
Miss Irons said: ‘Yes.’ She then said they followed the medical advice of Dr Webb who had written a report which seemed to accept some of the explanations given by Bowman to account for her son’s injuries.
Cross-examining Dr Webb, Mr Rheinberg said that, on reflection, ‘was it not surprising’ that Davenport was not one of the ‘priorities’ in terms of investigation? The doctor replied: ‘He was never at the top of the list because of the timings we were being told about the injuries.’
Following the cross-examination about one of the strategy meetings in which key information was not conveyed by all three agencies, Mr Rheinberg said: ‘It looks as though you are, figuratively, walking away whistling from this meeting.’
Davenport’s trial heard that on the evening of November 6 Joshua’s mother went out for a drink, leaving her son alone with Davenport, who was smoking cannabis. Bowman knew Joshua was scared of Davenport and that the O2 worker regularly abused him. Yet she did nothing about it – she even lied to authorities investigating her son’s treatment, the trial was told.
That night Davenport – who has a history of violence – flew into a rage when the youngster woke up and deliberately beat him. Joshua was taken to hospital where he died from a swollen brain.
British government trying to cover up illegal immigrant status of killer
Not surprising in the light of their chronic failure to deport criminal illegals
A murder victim’s family who want to know if the man who shot their son is in Britain legally have been refused the information – to protect the killer’s privacy.
Wintworth and Lurline Deslandes are desperate to confirm suspicions that Saturday Hassan is a foreign national so they can ensure he is deported if he is released from jail.
But they have been told the killer – who shot their public schoolboy son Darren in the head after being thrown out of the family’s pub – must agree to details of his immigration status being handed over to their MP.
Officials said this ‘personal information’ needed to be ‘safeguarded’ and cited the Data Protection Act in their refusal to hand it over.
The UK Border Agency also insisted it needed ‘written authority’ from Hassan himself, who is serving life with a minimum term of 37 years, before any details could be released.
The Deslandes family are enraged by the response and their case has sparked a furious reaction at Westminster, with the couple’s MP branding the decision ‘ridiculous’.
Their son, a former Dulwich College schoolboy who attended Brunel University and worked for a housing association, was due to be married to Abigail Beresford earlier this year.
Last night Croydon North MP Malcolm Wicks said: ‘The logic of that answer is that I should write a nice letter saying, “Dear murderer, would you give me permission to find out if you are a foreign national, so I can make sure in the future you are deported”.’ The former Labour business minister added: ‘It’s ridiculous. The family of the murdered man had a suspicion for some reason he might have been a foreign national and it didn’t come out in court.
‘My experience as an MP is that if you find out some criminal is a foreign national, I do my best to pressure the Home Office to check the person out. That’s one reason an MP should be able to find out.’
Hassan, 31, was thrown out of the Deslandes family’s pub – the Newton Arms in Croydon, South London – on New Year’s Eve 2009 after threatening a customer. Minutes later he returned with a semi-automatic weapon, firing at Darren, 34, and his younger brother Junior, who had evicted him.
Darren was shot in the head and died instantly. Junior, 26, was hit three times in the head, neck and shoulder. He was left critically ill but survived.
Mr Deslandes – who bought the pub in 1999 after working as an insurance underwriter in the City of London for 25 years – was hit over the head with the butt of the gun.
Last year Hassan was found guilty of murder and attempted murder at the Old Bailey and jailed. Judge David Paget said: ‘What you did has taken the life of a thoroughly good and worthy young man with his life before him and has devastated the lives of the whole Deslandes family, of Darren Deslandes’s fiancée and I dare say of others near and dear to them.’
The family insist the question of Hassan’s immigration status never came up at the trial.
During the trial, Mr Wicks wrote to the Home Office asking for information on the killer’s immigration status after the family told him they believed Hassan was in the country illegally, having arrived here from Guyana in South America.
On December 2 last year the UK Border Agency wrote back. A letter signed by the then chief executive, Lin Homer, refused to divulge any details about Hassan’s past.
She wrote: ‘I hope that you will appreciate that in order to safeguard an individual’s personal information and comply with the Data Protection Act 1998, we are limited in what information we can provide when a request is made by someone, such as your constituent, who is not the subject of the application. Except in a few exceptional circumstances, we must ensure we have the written authority of the individual concerned before the information is divulged to anyone else.’
It also said the reply was a ‘proportionate response to protecting the privacy of the individual’.
Last night Mrs Deslandes, 57, said: ‘I do not see why he should have any data protection. He has killed someone. We are the victims and no one is there to protect us. He should be removed from the country.’ Mr Deslandes, 60, who is terminally ill with lung cancer, added: ‘He shot both of my sons and he tried to kill me as well, but he ran out of bullets.’
Raising the case in the in the House of Commons on Monday during a debate about the deportation of foreign nationals, Mr Wicks branded the decision ‘total nonsense’.
Immigration Minister Damian Green said he ‘rather agreed’ and described the situation as ‘absurd’. But officials admitted he was constrained by the Data Protection Act. Last night a Home Office official said: ‘The minister is able to discuss more in some cases but the Data Protection Act is what it is and he can’t act above that.’
A UKBA spokesperson said yesterday: ‘Our immigration rules clearly state that a foreign national receiving a prison sentence of more than 12 months will automatically be considered for deportation.’
Mr Wicks raised the issue during a Commons debate on foreign criminals after a leaked Home Office report revealed foreign nationals allowed to remain in the UK have committed horrendous crimes including murder, rape and kidnap.
Ministers have pledged to increase the number of foreign nationals sent home but are being thwarted by the Human Rights Act, especially Article 8 which gives individuals a right to a ‘private and family life’.
Unsafe wind power
1,500 accidents and incidents on UK wind farms
The wind energy industry has admitted that 1,500 accidents and other incidents have taken place on wind farms over the past five years. The figures – released by RenewableUK, the industry’s trade body – include four deaths and a further 300 injuries to workers.
The scale of incidents – equivalent to almost one a day – emerges following the publication of dramatic photographs showing one turbine which had crashed to the ground in a field near a road and another exploding into flames, caused by 150mph winds which buffeted Scotland and northern England last week.
Charles Anglin, RenewableUK’s director of communications, stressed that last week’s incidents were caused by “freak weather”. The organisation said that no member of the public had ever been hurt as a result of a wind turbine accident.
A dossier of incidents, compiled by a campaign group opposed to wind farms, includes cases where blades, each weighing as much as 14 tonnes, have sheared off and crashed to the ground.
Residents living near a wind farm have reported sheltering in their homes when lumps of ice were thrown from blades from a 410-ft high turbine near Peterborough, Cambridgeshire.
One manufacturer of wind turbines admitted one of its models had a defect – understood to be caused by a faulty braking system that meant the blades could fly off – that led to hundreds of turbines being ordered to be shut down in September by the Health and Safety Executive. The company, Proven Energy Ltd, based in Scotland, went into receivership shortly after.
Blades attached to smaller domestic wind turbines have also become detached and hit buildings – in one case penetrating the roof of a cabin used as an office.
Campaigners claim that the incidents show that “some parts of the country are too windy for turbines”. Most turbines automatically shut down when the wind speed rises above 56mph because at that speed they can become unsafe.
In September a blade flew off a wind turbine on the roof of a new car park at Lister hospital in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, hitting a staff member’s car.
Last year a 140-turbine wind farm near Glasgow was temporarily shut down after a 14-tonne fibreglass blade broke off in windy conditions and landed at the base of its tower.
Two years ago, a 50ft turbine collapsed in the playground of a school on the Island of Raasay off the coast of Scotland, and in the same year a blade on a 190 ft wind turbine in Rotherham owned by Sheffield University broke in strong winds, prompting an investigation by its manufacturers.
The incidents were compiled by the Caithness Wind Farm Information Forum, which campaigns against turbines in Scotland and publishes accidents – backed up by media reports – on its website. RenewableUK said the deaths had been recorded in 2009 and 2010.
One involved a maintenance worker in Scotland who had become ‘tangled’ with the driveshaft of a turbine while the other three deaths took place during construction of onshore and offshore wind farms.
Chris Streatfeild, RenewableUK’s director of health and safety, said: “No members of the public have ever been injured or harmed in the reports we have received.
“The risk to the public is one in 100 million. You are much more likely to be injured by a lightening strike than by a wind turbine.”
Mr Streatfeild said RenewableUK had recorded 1,500 incidents over the past five years, many of which were very minor. Of those, about 18 per cent – or close to 300 incidents – led to an injury, again usually very minor.
He said planning and safety rules meant turbines were always at a certain minimum distance from roads and homes, reducing further the risk to the public. He said the number of fires and structural collapse each amounted to just a ‘handful’.
Mr Anglin said last week that wind farms had an “excellent health and safety record”, adding: “In stressful situations any power equipment may develop faults, and that’s true of gas, nuclear, oil, and is also true of wind.”
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) said last week it was “extremely difficult” to assemble a “complete picture of reported incidents at wind farms” because accidents are not recorded by industry type.
The HSE said its figures showed three fatal accidents between 2007/08 and 2009/10 and a total of 53 major or dangerous incidents in the same time frame.
An HSE spokesman said wind turbines were classed as machines rather than buildings or structures and that there was no obligation to report mechanical failures.
Angela Kelly, chairman of the Country Guardian, a national network of anti-wind farm campaigns, said: “We have been aware of accidents on wind farms for years but the new figures released by the industry’s own trade body are particularly alarming. “Developers seem to have ignored the fact that some parts of the country are too windy for turbines.”
Teach primary pupils mechanics: British education boss calls for schools to adopt Far Eastern-style curriculum
Primary school pupils are to be given tougher lessons to ensure they keep up with those in the Far East, in a sweeping shake-up of education.
It means schools in England will borrow some principles from their high-achieving counterparts in Asia.
That includes teaching separate lessons in grammar rather than treating the discipline as an optional ‘add on’, amid concerns that too many pupils get to 16 without even a basic grasp of spelling and punctuation.
Primary school children should also receive lessons in basic scientific concepts such as how machines work and how plastic is made, according to the interim findings of an independent review ordered by Michael Gove.
The Education Secretary wants to stiffen up the National Curriculum to create a ‘gold standard’ lesson plan modelled on the world’s most rigorous exam systems. To do that, teachers should look to the Far East, he said – in particular the high-performing countries of Singapore, China and Hong Kong.
A government-commissioned review of the curriculum, to be published tomorrow, reveals children in Singapore are introduced to scientific concepts in year six. But in England, children do not learn about ‘motion around a pivot’ or the ‘operation of simple machines’ until between years seven and nine.
The report, by the Expert Panel, will also say that successful Asian education system make sure all pupils have mastered a subject before moving on to tackle the next part. That is in stark contrast to England where some children are left behind if they do not grasp the topic.
A Whitehall source told the Sunday Times: ‘It is wrong to conclude that England should simply import these examples lock, stock and barrel. ‘But the consistent theme that does emerge is that some countries do set materially higher expectations in some areas in terms of what they believe children can and should master at different ages.’
A new curriculum had been planned for 2013 – with alterations to the English, maths, science and PE syllabuses. Other subjects would have been introduced from 2014. But all changes will now be delayed until 2014 so more radical proposals can be debated.
The move has prompted criticism from Labour, who have suggested the review is ‘in chaos’. A spokesman said the panel was being sent back to the drawing board for failing to fit Gove’s ‘ideological creed’.
A happier menopause: Hormone pill could ease hot flushes AND it gives your sex life a boost
But there is some indication that taking it may give you cancer!
A hormone pill may help women through the menopause and give their sex lives a boost, claim researchers. Doctors are calling for tests to determine whether it could eventually become an alternative to Hormone Replacement Therapy for menopausal problems.
The call comes after a study showed for the first time that low doses of DHEA, a hormone created in the body, can improve women’s sexual satisfaction. It can also ease symptoms such as hot flushes and night sweats.
Levels of the hormone in the body peak around the age of 25 and extra supplies have to come in the form of tablets, patches or injections used under medical supervision.
Dr John Stevenson, consultant metabolic physician at the Royal Brompton Hospital in London and chairman of the charity Women’s Health Concern, said: ‘These are interesting findings and we now need a bigger study. ‘There is a demand for alternatives to HRT caused by safety fears which have since been overturned.
‘But it’s not possible yet to know whether DHEA is as safe as HRT or carries more risks, which is why we need larger trials.’
Italian researchers carried out the latest study with 48 women suffering from menopausal symptoms. Of these, 12 took only vitamin D and calcium to improve their bone strength because they did not want HRT.
The remaining 36 were split into a group of 12 taking DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone), and two others given standard HRT containing oestrogen and progesterone, or the synthetic steroid tibolone, also known as Livial.
The women’s menopausal symptoms and sexual interest and activity were then measured using standard questionnaires.
After 12 months, all women receiving hormone-replacement supplements showed improvements in menopausal symptoms, while those taking vitamin D and calcium did not show any significant improvement.
At the start of the trial, all groups had similar levels of sexual activity. After a year, women taking calcium and vitamin D had a McCoy score – measuring aspects of sexuality likely to be affected by changing sex-hormone levels – of 34.9, while those using DHEA reached 48.6.
The higher score indicates that women on DHEA had a statistically significant elevation in sexual interest and activity. The results for women using HRT were similar.
Sexual activity was also higher with tibolone, but this was not statistically significant, says a report in Climacteric, the journal of the International Menopause Society.
Study leader Professor Andrea Genazzani, of the University of Pisa, said: ‘This is a small study, a proof of concept. What we need to do now is to look at a larger study, to confirm these initial results are valid.’